Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar. When a person has diabetes, the body either does not make enough insulin or is unable to use its own insulin well. If blood sugar builds up in the body and its levels are not controlled, it can lead to serious health complications, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, amputations of the legs and feet, and early death. CDC programs and other scientific activities support improvements in health outcomes for people with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and prediabetes.
Take the risk test
National Diabetes Prevention Program
Other Types of Diabetes-
Other types of diabetes include maturity-onset diabetes of the young or latent autoimmune diabetes in adults. These types of diabetes are caused by specific genetic conditions or from surgery, medications, infections, pancreatic disease, or other illnesses. Other types of diabetes account for 1%-5% of all diagnosed cases.
People with prediabetes have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes can put people at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
29.1 MILLION people have Diabetes.....
In 1994 there was 3.7% of the population with Diabetes, in 2013 that percentage increased to 8.0% per 100 people.
Diabetes complications can reach a high number. Some of the complications include increased risk of heart attacks, stroke, blindness, amputations, kidney failure, flu and pneumonia related deaths.
Better nutrition, physical activity, control of blood glucose levels, and access to services can delay the progression of diabetes. In fact, 2002 findings from the CDC show that modest, consistent physical activity and a healthy diet can cut a person’s risk for developing type 2 diabetes by nearly 60%.
Decreasing the Risk
In July 2014, the Community Preventive Services Task Force recommended “combined diet and physical activity promotion programs for people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes and newly diagnosed diabetics” as an effective intervention for diabetes prevention and control.
This recommendation is part of The Guide to Community Preventive Services, which provides systematic reviews and recommendations for community health policies and programs. These types of programs actively encourage people to improve their diet and increase their physical activity. They commonly include the following:
* A weight loss goal.
* Individual or group sessions (or both) about diet and exercise.
* Meetings with a trained diet or exercise counselor (or both).
* Individually tailored diet or exercise plans.
Higher-intensity programs lead to more weight loss and a larger reduction in new cases of diabetes.
Higher risk groups include:
- 15.1% of Native Americans have diabetes
- 13% of all African Americans have diabetes
- 10.2% of all Latino Americans have diabetes
Uinta County Public Health has informational materials about Diabetes that are free to the public. We also have a Wellness Program and can work with you on increasing your knowledge about Diabetes. Please call to make an appointment to speak with a nurse about this important subject.