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Uinta County Courthouse
225 9th St.
Evanston, WY 82930-3415
Ph: (307) 783-0301
Bridger Valley:
(307) 782-7432
Bacterial Meningitis
Description
Meningococcal diseases are infections caused by bacteria which can cause Meningitis. This disease includes serious infections of the fluid and lining surrounding the brain (meningitis), bloodstream (bacteremia and sepsis), lungs (pneumonia), and joints (arthritis).

Symptoms
It is very important if you become ill with these symptoms that you see a doctor immediately for treatment. 
  • Sudden high fever (usually 102 F or more) 
  • Chills 
  • Severe headache 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Stiffness and pains in neck, or shoulders and back 
  • Rash, small red spots or larger reddish/purple “bruises” 
  • Extreme sleepiness or confusion 
  • Sensitivity to light 
  • Confusion, loss of consciousness/seizures 
  • Symptoms occur within 2-10 days (usually 3-4) after the person has been exposed and often begin suddenly 
  • Infants or small children may exhibit only fever and vomiting with irritability upon movement.

How is it spread?
Meningococci (the bacteria) are spread by direct, close contact with saliva, mucus, or droplets from the nose and throat of an infected person

Exposure
People who have had close contact with an infected person should check with their medical provider within 24 hours to ask about taking an antibiotic to help prevent getting the disease. However, the antibiotic is not always 100% effective, so watch for symptoms for 2 weeks after the last contact with the ill person.

Prevention
There is a vaccine available that is effective in preventing meningitis. It is effective 7-10 days after inoculation. It can be obtained through your personal physician or at Uinta County Public Health. Please check for availability. Costs may vary.

Sources
Wyoming Department of Health
Heymann, DL.ed. Control of Communicable Disease Manual 18th Edition, Pickering, LK, ed. 203 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases n(Red Book), 26th Edition.